The future of food systems and agro-logistics in the Caribbean Aira Htenas, Agriculture Economist, Agriculture and Food (AGF) Global Practice (GP), World Bank María Florencia Millán, Agri-logistics Consultant, AGF GP, World Bank
5 th GROWTH & RESILIENCE
Agriculture and food systems in Latin America and the Caribbean Region (LAC) are rightfully recognized as among the most successful on the planet . • They have fed a fast-growing global population, reduced global hunger, boosted regional economic growth, contributed to poverty reduction and shared prosperity in LAC, enabled urbanization, generated substantial exports for the region. Yet the public image of LAC agriculture and food systems as dynamic, productive, and efficient reflects only part of a more complicated reality . Recently LAC agriculture and food systems have attracted renewed attention, but often with negative connotations :
Drivers of deforestation
• Wasteful consumers of land and water resources
• Polluters of the environment
These concerns take on increased urgency in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and accelerating climate challenges
Need to re-frame the dialogue around LAC agriculture and food systems
WHY DO AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SYSTEMS MATTER IN LAC?
1. Economic Growth and Diversification
2. Employment and Poverty Reduction
3. Food and Nutrition Security
4. Climate-Resilient Ecosystem Services
ENVISIONING THE FUTURE
1. Age of Exodus 2. Healthy Diets Rule
• Revisiting the Role of Agriculture and Food Systems in Latin America and the Caribbean • Approach: Scenarios Building (using methodology adapted from McKinsey & Company)
3. Fragmented World 4. LAC Agri-export Powerhouse
5. Agri-food 4.0
IDENTIFYING PROPOSED ACTIONS
No regrets Actions that should be taken in all scenarios and outcomes
Risk mitigation Actions taken to prevent potential risks emerging from the scenarios
Options open Smaller actions that ensure the option to play in the future as scenarios develop
Game changers High risk / high reward actions that could pay off enormously or fail at high cost
Proposed Actions - Summary
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
Strengthen agricultural R&D systems Modernize agri-logistics infrastructure Up-skill agriculture and food system workers
13. Maintain access to established and emerging markets 14. Invest in irrigation where appropriate 15. Support development of biofortified foods and nutraceuticals 16. Facilitate the emergence of peri-urban and urban agriculture
Promote healthy diets
Reduce food loss and waste
Make agriculture & food systems climate smart
Deepen rural financial markets Improve land tenure security
9. Step up climate monitoring 10. Strengthen defenses against food-borne diseases 11. Build safety nets that can be activated quickly in times of crisis 12. Promote the use of financial instruments for managing risk
19. Decouple all agricultural production support 18. Ensure that all agri-food system work is safe and fair 19. Make agri-food systems carbon neutral 20. Declare war on junk food
No regret action: Promote healthy diets
Nutrition Smart Agriculture has two aims
• Nutrition Smart Agriculture is a set of agriculture/agro-processing technologies and/or practices that both contribute to the improvement of human nutritional status of the local population and increase of the farm and/or agribusiness-level productivity/revenue.
NATIONAL CONTEXT-Haiti Nutrition Smart Agriculture Country Profile
Key facts on malnutrition
Key facts on food production Key facts on food consumption
9 protein, vitamin A, iron, folic acid, iodine and zinc
Key macro- and micronutrients selected for inclusion
PRACTICES AND TECHNOLOGIES- Haiti Nutrition Smart Agriculture Country Profile
Value chain segment
Practice & Technology
Contribution to Nutrition Addresses micronutrient deficiencies (some iron, zinc, vitamin A and folate depending on the kind of fruit) and provides an additional source of protein consumption
Fruits (citrus fruit, mango, banana fig, avocado, melon, guava)
Positive outlook for commercial viability of product
South, North, Northeast, West
Breadfruit flour (arbre véritable)
Addresses micronutrient deficiencies
Positive outlook for commercial viability of product; large market size; expectation of market growth
(some vitamin A and folate) and provides an additional source of protein consumption
No regret action: Modernize agro-logistics
• Agro-food supply chains are “ the linked events in the agricultural production of food – the process being a chain of events from production to processing, trading, distribution and consumption” (FAO). • Agro-logistics entail all the coordinated services needed for products to reach from farm to market: e.g. transport, post harvest processing, warehousing, packaging, cold storage, refrigerated transport and tracking equipment for imported, local and export products.
Stages of agro-logistics chain
Transformation: processing, value- addition, packaging
On-farm production: Agro- ecological and weather info systems, irrigation and water harvesting systems, SPS, R&E services.
Retail: e-commerce platforms, price and supply information systems, physical marketing infrastructure.
(Quality, Standards, Food Safety – Labs, Traceability systems, cold chains, storage silos, warehouses,
Inputs stage: sourcing of seeds, fertilizers, mechanization and tools.
Shipping and handling: to reach distributors, retail stores and export markets.
abattoirs, washing stations for a final product).
No regret action: Modernize agro-logistics
Potential to scale up production
Small island limitations
- Private sector led aggregation.
Sea locked territory
Depends on shipping and air links
- ICT connecting demand and supply.
Food import dependent
Higher logistic costs compared to coastal states
Wholesalers: retail and HORECA
Opportunities in the agro-logistics space. No regret action: Modernize agro-logistics
• The digital revolution is creating exciting new opportunities for producers and consumers to realize gains by using digital technology to match buyers and sellers; to seize this opportunity, investments will be needed in ICT infrastructure and App development, to allow rapid and low-cost communication of market information.
• As demand increases for products that are fresh and nutritious and safe to eat, this will create the need for more modern agro-logistics systems, to ensure that high-quality, often perishable products can be delivered quickly, efficiently, and safely to consumers; this will require investments in harvesting facilities, packing sheds, cold storage, refrigerated transport, and tracking equipment.
Cross cutting needs include Overall Agro-industrial system Policies, the role of Institutions, Customs and Border Infrastructure and Processes, Digital, Information and Communication Technologies, and Technical and Monitoring Capabilities.
The Green, Resilient, and Inclusive Development (GRID) Approach
World Bank Group 2021
Thank You! Future Foodscapes: Re-Imagining Agriculture in Latin America and the Caribbean (English)
Panoramas Alimentarios Futuros: Re-imaginando la agricultura en América Latina y el Caribe (Spanish)
Nutrition Smart Agriculture material: https://bit.ly/nsmartag-homepage
Made with FlippingBook - Online Brochure Maker