Food Security Measurements and Indicators

Global Food Security Index (GFSI)

• The Global Food Security Index (GFSI) is a complex index developed by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU). • The index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model constructed from 59 unique indicators that measure the drivers of food security across both developing and developed countries. • It includes direct factors related to food security, such as food supply, the share of food in total individual spending, level of poverty or nutritional policies, but also extends and covers indirect factors such as availability of financial services, corruption, political steadiness, etc. • GFSI indicators are measured at the national level and not at the household level, assessing the average status in each country and extends to over 113 countries (EIU, 2018).


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