Food Security Measurements and Indicators
Defined as the measurement of size, weight, body proportions and ultimately the composition of the human body. Anthropometric indicators commonly used in national surveys are based on weight and height (or length) of infants, young children, youth and adults.
Advantages: • Highly standardized • Evidence-based cut- off points • Inexpensive • Frequently applied in national surveys
Disadvantages: • Indirect approximation to food insecurity, as they measure nutritional status • The interpretation of the relationship between food insecurity and obesity is complex, as there is growing evidence that whereas severe food insecurity leads to wasting, mild to moderate food insecurity may lead to obesity 4 . Individuals in this food insecurity category may rely heavily on cheap high-energy low nutrient density foods.
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